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WS5 First Annual Research Symposium on “Energetic and Spiritual Processes of Healing”


Physiology and Energy Healing

1 EEG Brainwaves and Heart Rate Variability (HRV) Analysis of Bioenergetic Healers.
Juan Acosta-Urquidi, PhD., BRAIN-TOPOS, 2208 NW Market St. suite 501, Seattle, WA 98107,
Objective: To record EEG and HRV data during Bioenergetic Healing sessions.
Materials and Methods: Cortical potentials were measured with a Lexicor NRS-24 digital QEEG system, Boulder CO, full cap 19 electrodes, Intl.10-20 system, bandwidth 0.5-32 Hz, including offline analysis software. HRV analysis used the Heart Rhythm Scanner 1500 ECG unit, BioCom Technologies, Poulsbo, WA. An electrocrystal sensor device (BFA, Enermed, Vancouver, CAN.) recorded discrete electromagnetic (EM) signals from the practitioners during the state of “sending energy” (SE). EEG, HRV and BFA signals were simultaneously recorded from practitioners, revealing the complex shifting brainstates, the physio-emotional components of the experience and EM emission signals. A baseline was initially recorded and compared to data taken at 10-40 min. time points during SE state. Practitioners of diverse Energy Healing modalities (Pranic, Reiki, Quantum Touch, Shamanic, Johrei), were selected for this study. Most sessions consisted of distant healing, but in some cases the client was in the same room receiving the healing.
Results: Baseline EEG signatures were distinct, as expected, but some consistent features were noted: assymetrical alpha activity, was shifted to right temporal-parietal sites, maximal at T6, P4. Phase synchrony maps (theta-alpha, 7-10Hz) and low –amplitude delta power (1-4 Hz), revealed higher than normal Z-scores (LSRDB database). During SE state, robust (45-200 % increase) in mostly alpha power was detected at T6, P4. Phase synchrony was also increased in alpha-theta band. HRV analysis during SE state revealed increased coherence (peak ca. 0.1 Hz power-freq. spectrum) in only a few healers, most showed increased sympathetic arousal, reflecting the establishment of a “healing connection” with their target.
Conclusion: These studies demonstrate measurable physiological changes during SE state that correlate with a psycho-spiritual healing experience. Ongoing studies are measuring EEG and HRV in the clients receiving the energy healing.

2 Dynamical Changes In EEGAlpha Cordance Responses Over Time During Successful Homeopathic Treatment Of Fibromyalgia
Iris R. Bell, MD PhD, Daniel A. Lewis, II, BS, Gary E. Schwartz, PhD, Sabrina E. Lewis, BA, Anne Scott, PhD, Audrey J. Brooks, PhD, and Carol M. Baldwin, RN PhD
, The University of Arizona
Objective. We previously reported that initial electroencephalographic (EEG) alpha cordance patterns distinguished fibromyalgia patients with subsequently excellent local (tender point pain) and global (overall health) clinical responses to homeopathy from all other patients (Bell et al. 2004). Given homeopathy’s history of inconsistent replicability, the present study reassessed the same measure over time.
Materials and Methods. Evaluated initial, 3-month, and 6-month EEG alpha (8-12 hertz) cordance during a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of individualized LM-potency homeopathy in fibromyalgia (N=50). EEG sessions (eyes-closed) included 16 2-second sniffs of diluted patient-specific treatment solution [verum for Active; placebo for Placebo group], randomized in order by pairs with 16 2-second sniffs of similarly-prepared control solvent solution. Cordance was computed as a derivative of absolute and relative power for nearest neighbor electrode pairs per Averaged cordance values for all sniffs of treatment solution minus control solvent were compared over excellent, good, and poor responders.
Results. The excellent clinical responders (defined at 3 months) showed a progressive shift from negative to positive difference scores in cordance over 6 months. The pattern differed from that of good and poor responders to verum and placebo.
Conclusions: Consistent with the complex adaptive systems model for homeopathic healing, the data suggest that EEG cordance is a dynamic biomarker for the evolution of excellent clinical responses. The pattern over time was unique to exceptional responders on verum. Apparent irreproducibility of homeopathy research may stem partly from the assumptions of conventional medical researchers that human beings and biomarkers are static rather than dynamic entities.

Supported by NIH R21 AT00315 (IRB), K24 AT00057 (IRB), and P20 AT00774 (GES) from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) and NIH HL53938-07S1 (CMB). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of NCCAM or NIH.

3 EEG Changes in Experienced Johrei Practitioners
Gary Schwartz1,2, Audrey Brooks1,2, Daniel Lewis1,2,3, Kim Corley1,2, Katie Reece1,2, and Katherine Burleson2,4
; 1Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; 2Center for Frontier Medicine in Biofield Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; 3Saybrook Institute, San Francisco, CA; 4Program in Integrative Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
Objective: To examine the difference in EEG activity between “givers” and “receivers” of Johrei before and after a healing session.
Methods and Materials: Twenty Johrei practitioners (10 pairs) conducted a standardized Johrei healing session for 22 minutes. Participants were randomly assigned to be either the giver or receiver. All participants had a minimum Johrei practice of 1 year and were active Johrei “givers” and “receivers”. EEG activity was recorded pre- and post healing intervention. Five minute eyes open and 5 minute eyes closed recordings were obtained.
Results: Initial findings for EEG alpha (8-12 hz) from the left and right sides of the head, reveal different EEG alpha patterns for “givers” and “receivers”. Repeated measures analyses of variance indicate that (1) the senders decrease their EEG alpha from pre to post intervention on both sides of the heads, and (2) the receivers show a relative increase in left-sided EEG alpha post the training.
Conclusion: This is the first basic science study examining biophysical and psychophysiological mechanisms of giving and receiving energy. The difference in EEG alpha activity between “givers” and “receivers” suggests that receivers experience a relative increase in relaxation in the “left hemispheric.”
Supported by National Institutes of Health P20 AT00774.

Biofield Imaging

4 Imaging biofield interactions by measuring biophoton emission
Katherine Creath, PhD, PhD1-2, Gary E. Schwartz, PhD1,3
; 1 Center for Frontier Medicine in Biofield Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; 2 Optical Sciences Center, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ; 3 Psychology, Surgery, Medicine, Neurology, and Psychiatry , University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
Objective: This study was designed to image biophoton emission from and between various plant parts.
Materials and Methods: A highly sensitive, low-noise, cooled, Roper Scientific camera was used to image self-generated biological chemiluminescence (biophotons) in a completely dark, light-tight chamber from plant parts. Biophoton emission correlates with oxidative metabolic processes producing singlet oxygen and other oxygen-related free radicals. Plant parts were placed on either black or white (non-fluorescing) backgrounds. A sequence of long-exposure images (1/2 to 2 hours) was taken once the chlorophyll fluorescence decayed (after 30 minutes in darkness) over a period of several hours. Image brightness corresponds to the amplitude of biophoton emission.
Results: More light is seen between adjacent plant parts than where there are no adjacent plant parts. Definite structure can be seen between plant parts that falls off with distance. White backgrounds scatter and reflect more biophoton emission than absorptive black backgrounds. With time this interaction increases and then decays as the plant parts decay.
Conclusion: Each biological object is a weak light source that interacts with adjacent biological objects. When looking at interactions between objects, white backgrounds enhance these effects, while black backgrounds enhance effects within the object. These images show feedback and synergy between living systems as well as pictorial evidence of biofields and auras. Light streaming between objects indicates a type of communication between the objects. We speculate that these self and mutual fluorescence/luminescence effects are not exclusive to plants and are present in all biological systems that emit biophotons.
Supported in part by NIH P20 AT00774-01 (Center for Frontier Medicine in Biofield Science) from the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), and Prof. Arthur F. Gmitro and his research group for use of equipment and facilities.

5 A Comparison of Human Energy Fields Before and After Stimulation of Dr. C. Norman Shealy’s Rings of Fire, Earth, Water, Air, and Crystal
Barbara A. Haydon, BSN, MA, Th.D.
, The Source for Health and Fitness, Hayesville, North Carolina
Objective: The present research explores the human energetic field change in the human body after the electrical stimulus of Dr. C. Norman Shealy's Rings of Fire, Earth, Air, Water, and Crystal are applied. In addition, a control group of non-acupuncture points is also compared to the rings' analysis. The rings of acupuncture points produce specific hormones in the body with stimulation of the points with the SheLi TENS. The present study compares the five rings and their respective electro magnetic energy fields.
Material and Methods: The Gas Discharge Visualization Bioelectrography (BEO-GDV) instrument was used to measure the change in the human energy field. The GDV camera did a measurement of the fingertips with and without a filter. The SheLi TENS stimulator device was used to stimulate the acupuncture points of the rings’ and control group. Fifty-five to sixty-one volunteers were tested in each set. The age ranges was 21 to 80 years and were all healthy individuals.
Results: The pre-treatment numbers were compared to the post-treatment numbers. A statistical change was detected in the Rings of Water, Earth, Crystal, and Air without a filter both right and left hands. No statistical change was detected for the Ring of Fire with or without a filter. Statistically significant changes in the energy field with a filter included the Ring of Crystal left hand and Ring of Earth right hand. The rings of Air and Water had no statistical significant change with a filter. The control showed no statistical significant change with or without a filter. Another analysis of the least-squares fit was done to show the movement of the electromagnetic field before and after stimulation. All of the rings showed a movement toward the balance points except the control group.
Conclusion: The most significant finding in this research was that the electrical stimulation of the acupuncture points (rings’) with the SheLi TENS moved the electromagnetic energy toward a homeostasis or balance point in the body.


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